Delhi, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi, is the Capital territory of India. It has a population of about 11 million and a metropolitan population of about 16.3 million, making it the second most populous city and second most populous urban agglomeration in India. Such is the nature of urban expansion in Delhi that its growth has expanded beyond the NCT to incorporate towns in neighbouring states and at its largest extent can count a population of about 25 million residents as of 2014.
India Gate is a stone monument dedicated to the memory of the Indian soldiers who fought and died in the First World War It ranks as one of the primary places of interest in Delhi.
The Indian soldiers were part of the British army and represented the military might of the British Empire at the height of its powers. India Gate was designed by Edward Lutyens and took 10 years to complete. The structure of India Gate is a triumphal arch, which is 42 meters high.
The Rashtrapati Bhawan is a renowned monument in Delhi. It is said to be the palace of the then Viceroy of India. At present, the Rashtrapati Bhawan is house of the President of India. The building was designed by Edwin Lutyens.
The construction began in 1911 and it took 19 years to finish its construction. There is a wonderful Mughal garden towards the west of Rashtrapati Bhawan. It opens up to public every spring. Tours to Rashtrapati Bhawan and Mughal Gardens are available with a nominal registration fee of Rs.25.
This red sandstone fort extends 2 km wide and differs in height from 18 meter on the river side to 33 meter on the city side. The fort was constructed by Shah Jahan in 1638 and was completed in 1648.
Inside there are buildings, including the Hall of Public Audiences, the Drum House, the white marble all of Private Audiences, the Pearl Mosque, Palace of Color and the Royal Baths.Decorated with Persian, European and Indian art forms the fort is one of the brilliant pieces of architecture.
One of the Tughlak rulers,Firoze Tughlak created the fourth city of Delhi , Firozabad or Kotla Firoze Shah next to the river Yamuna. This was a large enclosure of high walls , containing palaces , pillared halls , mosques, a pigeon tower and a water tank. On the top of his palace, Firoze planted an Ashokan pillar from 1500 years ago.
He also built several hunting lodges in and around Delhi, as well as mosques, some of which still remain.
Although Delhi had been a thriving city for several centuries, the ' first city ' of Delhi dating to 10th century gets its recognition due to the availability of recorded historical facts.
Qila Rai Pithora was created by Prithviraj Chauhan, also known as Rai Pithora, the popular hero of the stories of Hindu resistance against Muslim invaders. Prithviraj's ancestors captured Delhi from the Tomar Rajputs who have been credited with founding Delhi.