It is said there is more history in Rajasthan than the rest of India put together. Welcome to the Land of the Kings, a fabled realm of maharajas and their majestic forts and lavish palaces. India is littered with splendid ruined bastions, but nowhere will you find fortresses quite as magnificent as those here, rising up imperiously from the desert landscape like fairy-tale mirages of a bygone era.
As enchanting as they are, though, there is more to this most royal of regions than its seemingly timeless architectural wonders. This is also a land of sand dunes and jungle, of camel trains and wild tigers, of glittering jewels, vivid colours and vibrant culture. There are enough festivals here to fill a calendar (and an artist's palette), and the shopping and cuisine are nothing short of spectacular. In truth, Rajasthan just about has it all. It is the must-see state of this must-see country, brimming with startling, thought-provoking and, ultimately, unforgettable attractions. Read more: http://www.lonelyplanet.com/india/rajasthan#ixzz3cqLAxExS
The holy city of Ajmer is enveloped by the Aravali Mountain range which is the reason for the enchanting and serene aura it enjoys. Ajmer has been the home of several dynasties since its inception in seventh century AD. The city was founded by the great Chauhan ruler Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan but was lost at the hands of Prithvi Raj Chauhan to Mohamed Ghauri in 1193 AD.
The holy city of Ajmer has been a living place for the rulers of Delhi Sultanate, the great Mughals, Scindias and the British before it was finally merged into the Indian union at the time of Independence. Ajmer is a melting pot of cultures and has been nurtured by all its rulers.
Lying in the north of the desert State, the city is dotted with scores of sand dunes. Bikaner retains the medieval grandeur that permeates the city's lifestyle. More readily called the camel country, the city is distinguished for the best riding camels in the world and hence boasts of having one of the largest Camel Research and Breeding farms in the world.
The ship of the desert is an inseparable part of life here. A camel besides being a mode of transport, also works on wells. These are built on high plinths with slender minarets on each of the four corners and can be noticed even from a distance.
The history of Bharatpur dates back to the epic age, when the Matsya Kingdom flourished here in the 5th century BC The matsya were allies of the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war. According to tradition the name of Bharatpur is traced to Bharat, the brother of lord Rama of Ayodhya whose other brother Laxman was given the high place of family deity of the ruling family of Bharatpur. His name also appears in the state seals and coat-of-arms.
Bharatpur is also called the Eastern gateway of Rajasthan. Maharaja Suraj Mal. Apart from being a brave General was also a great builder. He built numerous forts and palaces across the kingdom including the Pleasure Palace complex at Deeg. Bharatpur is today known the world over for its Keoladeo Ghana National Park.
The Jaipur city is believed to be one of the first planned cities in India of the medieval era. The characteristic rose colored sandstone architecture has earned the capital of Rajasthan the name of Pink city. The heritage city of India is nearly 260 km away from Delhi the capital of India. Jaipur literally means the city of victory and was constructed by Raja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1727.
The city of t by Shaspati (Hindu priest architect) Vidyadhar Bhattacharya of Bengal. The increasing population of Amber and water scarcity motivated Raja Sawai Jai Singh II to plan a new capital of Jaipur in the plains. The walled city is built by Guru Vidyadhar in a grid system. Nine rectangle shaped city spheres, laid out in broad, spruced up roads comprises the avant-garde architectural framework of Jaipur.
The city of Jaisalmer offers a plethora of activities to people with distinct tastes. To experience culture as well as adventure Jaisalmer is an ideal place to visit. The finest structures of architecture can be viewed here; the majestic Jaisalmer fort and the exquisite havelis - Nathmal ki Haveli, Patwon ki Haveli and Salim Singh ki Haveli are all reminiscence of the bygone royal era.
The world famous Desert Festival is the occasion when one can experience the rich culture of Jaisalmer at its best. For the adventurous lot a Desert Safari is must to get the experience of the Caravan traders of medieval era. The people of the land of sand dunes despite extreme living conditions are extremely jovial and live life to the fullest with their rich customs and traditions still alive. Once who has been to this golden city yearns to visit the city again for not one but several reasons.
The city of Udaipur withheld many political invasions and hence has numerous tales of history and romance to narrate to a visitor. The magnificent monuments of the palace are all a testimony to this. Also known as the Venice of East the city is famous for its beautiful Lake palace located in the middle of Lake Pichola.
All the palaces and forts of Udaipur are architectural marvels and would simply bewitch the spectator by their beauty. The City palace and and are magnificent structures known for their intricate carvings and beautiful paintings. The Kumbhalgarh fort is the unconquered fort of Udaipur and is a symbol of the toughness of the Sisodias of Mewar
Mount Abu is known for its scenic beauty and is the lone hill station in the Desert state of Rajasthan. The city of Mount Abu is a pilgrim for people of many sects as several temples are found here. The world famous Dilwara Jain temples are situated in this city and are the crowning glory of this hill station.
Many hermits and sages have also spent their time in this pristine city; one such saint was Guru Vashisht who performed a yagya here and at that place now stands the Gaumukh temple. This town is also famous for the bounty of nature and has a rich flora and fauna which make it a paradise for nature lovers.