The five rivers Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelam gave it its name 'punj-ab' or 'land of five waters'. These five rivers divided into three regions: Majha, Doaba, Malwa. Punjab is primarily an agricultural state and enjoy the nature benifits of fertile soils and abundant water.
Amritsar was founded by Guru Ramdas in 1577. Amritsar is the centre of Sikh religion. The command body of the Sikhs "Akal Takth" is based in Amritsar in the premises of the magnificent Golden Temple. Golden Temple was initially built in 1761.
Prior to the partition of the country, Amritsar occupied an unrivalled position in the business and commercial scene of undivided Punjab. Situated on important trade routes.
Wagah (or Wagha) is a border town straddling the line between Pakistan and India, 29 km from the town of Lahore on the Pakistani side and 27 km from Amritsar on the Indian side. This is the only crossing point between Pakistan and India that is regularly open to foreigners.
If you're planning on actually crossing the border, you should aim to get there as early as possible. As of 2014, the border is open every day from 9.00 AM to 3.30 PM.(winter time)
Jallianwala Bagh (Garden) is a short 5-minute walk from the Golden Temple, and is the site of the 1919 Amritsar massacre. On 13 April of that year, British Indian Army soldiers opened fire on an unarmed gathering of men, women and children.
The firing lasted about 10 minutes and 1650 rounds were fired, killing 1579 people. A memorial was built on the site and inaugurated by the then-President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, on 13 April 1961.
The district of Rupnagar is named after its district headquarters, the town of Rupnagar. Formerly known as Ropar, the town of Rupnagar is said to have been founded by a Raja called Rokeshar, who ruled during the 11th century and named it after his son Rup Sen.
The town is of considerable antiquity. Recent excavations and explorations conducted at Rupnagar indicate that the first civilized folk to settle here were the Harappans, who apparently reached the upper Satluj towards the close of third millenium B.C.
Mohali is situated in the west of Chandigarh and is an extension of the state capital. It is named after Sahibzada Ajit Singh (SAS Nagar), the eldest son of Guru Gobind Singh. Mohali, Panchkula and Chandigarh make the Chandigarh, a Tri-city.
The city has lush green surroundings, open and spacious places and ecosystems that sustain numerous bird species. Previously, the city was a part of the Rupnagar district of the state of Punjab.
Besides being one of the most modern cities of India, Chandigarh has earned distinction by its contribution to art and culture in Indian society. Punjab University A number of events are organized through out the year like the Rose Festival, life-style exhibitions, canine shows as well as mushairas.
For the people who prefer other forms of entertainment there are fashion shows and city carnivals. Chandigarh is spread in an area of 114 sq. km and its population is about 640,725.